18. Februar 2002

EU-Sanktionen gegen Zimbabwe

Der Rat für Allgemeine Angelegenheiten de Europäischen Union hat am 18. Februar 2002 die laufenden Verhandlungen mit Zimbabwe aufgrund von Artikel 96 des EU-AKP-Partnerschaftsabkommens („Cotonou-Abkommen“) für geschlossen erklärt und als Reaktion auf die Nicht-Zulassung von EU-Wahlbeobachtern Sanktionen gegen Zimbabwe verhängt. In einer „Council Common Position concerning restrictive measures against Zimbabwe“ (2002/145/CFSP) wurden folgende Maßnahme beschlossen (zit. nach Official Journal of the European Communities vom 21. 2. 2002):

 

Article 1
1. The supply or sale of arms and related material of all types including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned to Zimbabwe by nationals of Member States or from the territories of Member States shall be prohibited whether originating or not in their territories.
2. The provision to Zimbabwe of technical training or assistance related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of the items mentioned in paragraph 1 by nationals of Member States or from the territories of the Member States, shall be prohibited. 3. Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, and related technical assistance or training, nor shall they apply to protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to Zimbabwe by United Nations personnel, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel for their personal use only.

Article 2
No equipment which might be used for internal repression will be supplied to Zimbabwe.

Article 3
1. Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into, or transit through, their territories of the persons listed in the Annex, who are engaged in activities that seriously undermine democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe.
2. Paragraph 1 will not oblige a Member State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory.
3. Member States may grant exemptions from the measures imposed in paragraph 1 where travel is justified on the grounds of humanitarian need, including religious obligation, or on grounds of attending meetings of international bodies or conducting polltical dialogue that promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe.

4. A Member State wishing to grant exemptions referred to in paragraph 3 shall notify the Council in writing. The exemption will be deemed to be granted unless one or more of the Council Members ralses an objection in writing within 48 hours of receiving notification of the proposed exemption.

Article 4
1. Funds, financial assets or economic resources of the persons listed in the Annex, who are engaged in activities that seriously undermine democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe, will be frozen.
2. No funds, financial assets or economic resources will be made available directly or indirectly to the persons referred to in Paragraph 1.

Article 5
The Council, acting upon a proposal by a Member State or the Commission, shall adopt modifications of the list contained in the Annex as required by political developments in Zimbabwe.

Article 6
In order to maximise the impact of the abovementioned measures, the European Union shall encourage third States to adopt restrictive measures similar to those contained in this Common Position.

Article 7
This Common Position shall take effect on the date of its adoption. lt shall apply for a renewable 12-months' period after that date.
This Common Position shall be kept under constant review.

Article 8
This Common Position shall be published in the Official journal.

Done at Brussels, 18 February 2002.

For the Council
The President J. PIQUÉ I CAMPS

Politische Beobachter in Harare gehen (laut Daily News, 25. 2.) nicht davon aus, daß die Sanktionen den Ausgang der Präsidentschaftswahlen beeinflussen werden. Die Absenz europäischer Wahlbeobachter wird eher als als Vorteil für Präsident Mugabe eingeschätzt.

Während Präsident Mugabe die Maßnahmen „als ökonomischen Terrorismus“ gebrandmarkt hat, haben auch Südafrika, andere Staaten im Südlichen Afrika sowie Nigeria die Maßnahmen der Europäischen Union scharf verurteilt.

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